In the early 21st century non-state actors have assumed a more assertive role. Civil society’s increased role has contributed significantly to the process of democratization in third world countries. The converse effect however is growing radicalism and emerging radical movements manifested in terrorism. This book contributes thoughts on responding to radicalism and terrorist movements, specifically in Indonesia. The author focuses on the active role of Indonesian civil society as a force to be reckoned with in the deradicalization process.